Octopus Deploy Documentation

Deploy a PHP application to Kubernetes using Octopus and Jenkins

In this tutorial, we show you how to build a fully-functional continuous delivery pipeline for a simple PHP web application and deploy it to Kubernetes. We use Jenkins to build the code and run tests, and we use Octopus Deploy to deploy and promote releases.

To get up and running quickly, the TestDrive VMs provide preconfigured environments demonstrating various continuous delivery pipelines documented in these guides.

Video walkthrough

Introduction

The application we'll deploy is called Random Quotes, which is a simple web application that randomly displays a famous quote each time the page loads. It consists of a web front end and a database that contains the quotes. We'll build a complete Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery (CI/CD) pipeline with automated builds, deployments to a dev environment, and sign offs for production deployments.

Deployment pipeline

For this tutorial, we assume you use Git for version controlling changes to your source code and Jenkins to compile code and run unit tests. Octopus Deploy will take care of the deployment. Here is what the full continuous integration and delivery pipeline will look like when we are finished:

Git C# C# C# TeamCity Artifactory create release DEV TEST PRODUCTION Release 1.1

The development team's workflow is:

  1. Developers commit code changes to Git.
  2. Jenkins detects the change and performs the continuous integration build, this includes resolving any dependencies and running unit tests.
  3. When the Jenkins build completes, the change will be deployed to the Dev environment.
  4. When one of your team members (perhaps a tester) wants to see what's in a particular release, they can use Octopus to manually deploy a release to the Test environment.
  5. When the team is satisfied with the quality of the release and they are ready for it to go to production, they use Octopus to promote the release from the Test environment to the Production environment.

Since Octopus is designed to be used by teams, in this tutorial we also set up some simple rules:

  • Anyone can deploy to the dev or test environments.
  • Only specific people can deploy to production.
  • Production deployments require sign off from someone in our project stakeholders group.
  • We'll send an email to the team after any test or production deployment has succeeded or failed.

This tutorial makes use of the following tools:

Octopus is an extremely powerful deployment automation tool, and there are numerous ways to model a development team's workflow in Octopus Deploy, but this tends to be the most common for small teams. If you're not sure how to configure Octopus, we recommend following this guide to learn the basics. You'll then know how to adjust Octopus to suit your team's workflow.

This tutorial takes about an hour to complete. That sounds like a long time, but keep in mind, at the end of the tutorial, you'll have a fully-functional CI/CD environment for your entire team, and you'll be ready to deploy to production at the click of a button. It's worth the effort!

Build vs. deployment

For any non-trivial application, you're going to deploy the software to multiple environments. For this tutorial, we're using the environments Dev, Test, and Prod. This means you need to choose between building your application once or building it before each deployment? To reduce the risk of a failed production deployment, Octopus strongly encourages the practice of building once, and deploying multiple times.

The following activities are a build time concern, so they will happen in Jenkins after any change to code is committed to Git:

  1. Check out the latest changes from Git.
  2. Resolve and install any dependencies from Composer.
  3. Run unit tests.
  4. Create the Docker image.

This results in a green CI build and a Docker image that contains the application and everything it needs to run. Any configuration files will have their default values, but they won't know anything about dev vs. production settings just yet.

Lastly, it's very important that we give this Docker image file a tag with a version number. We will produce a new Docker image every time our CI build runs, and we don't want to accidentally deploy a previous version of the Docker image.

At this point, we have a single artifact that contains all the files our application needs to run, ready to be deployed. We can deploy it over and over, using the same artifact in each environment. If we deploy a bad release, we can go and find the older version of the artifact and re-deploy it.

The following activities happen at deployment time by Octopus Deploy:

  1. Changing any configuration files to include settings appropriate for the environment, e.g., database connection strings, API keys, etc.
  2. Running tasks that need to be performed during the deployment such as database migrations or taking the application temporarily offline.

Prerequisites

There are a number of tools you need to install to implement a complete CI/CD workflow. These include the Jenkins and Octopus servers, some command-line tools, and Kubernetes to host the final deployment.

Git

The source code for the sample application is hosted on GitHub. To access the code, you need the Git client. The Git documentation has instructions to download and install the Git client.

Jenkins

Jenkins can be freely downloaded from the project's download page. Native builds are available for Windows, macOS, and various Linux distributions.

Docker images are also available from Docker Hub.

This guide makes use of the Credentials, Credentials Binding, and Plain Credentials plugins.

Octopus CLI

Jenkins calls the Octopus CLI tool to create and deploy releases in the Octopus Server. The Octopus CLI can be downloaded from the Octopus downloads page or installed from Chocolatey.

The Octopus CLI tool must be installed on the Jenkins server or any agents that will execute the Jenkins project.

PHP

PHP is available from its website, or can be installed using your Linux package manager. Ubuntu users can install PHP with the command:

sudo apt-get install php-cli

Composer

Composer is a dependency manager for PHP. It can be downloaded from the project homepage.

PHPUnit

PHPUnit is a unit testing framework for PHP. It is downloaded by the sample project as a dependency, making the executable available from ./vendor/bin/phpunit. PHPUnit can also be installed using your Linux package manager. Ubuntu users can install PHP FPM with the command:

sudo apt-get install phpunit

PHP FPM

PHP FPM is used to process requests to PHP pages. PHP FPM is most easily installed using your Linux package manager. Ubuntu users can install PHP FPM with the command:

sudo apt-get install php-fpm

Getting Started with Octopus Cloud

Before you can start an Octopus Cloud trial, you'll need an Octopus account.

You can sign up for an account at: account.octopus.com/register.

Create an Octopus Account

An Octopus account lets you manage your instances of Octopus Cloud.

  1. Enter your name.
  2. Provide your email address and click Create a password. Please note, these credentials are for your Octopus Account. You will also create credentials for your Octopus Cloud instance, when you create it.
  3. On the next screen, provide your company name.
  4. Chose a secure password and enter it twice.
  5. Click Create my Octopus account.

Create a Cloud Instance

  1. From the instances screen, click Create cloud instance.
  2. Enter an instance name for your Octopus Cloud instance.
  3. Choose a URL for the instance.
  4. Select the Cloud region for your instance. Currently the only option is US - Oregon.
  5. Click Enter account details.
  6. Create your first user for Octopus Cloud.
  7. Enter the username the user will use to log into Octopus Cloud.
  8. Create a password for the user and confirm the password.
  9. Click Continue to Confirmation.
  10. Confirm the details you've provided, agree to the terms, and click Looks good. Deploy my Octopus!.

You will be taken to the account provisioning screen. Please note it can take five to ten minutes for your Octopus Cloud instance to be ready. You will receive an email when the instance is ready to use.

When the instance is ready, you will see it (and any other instances you have access to) the next time you log in to your Octopus account at https://account.octopus.com/account/signin.

Kubernetes

There are many Kubernetes providers, and this guide makes use of Minikube, which is a Kubernetes distribution that creates a local environment for testing and development.

Octopus requires the kubectl command-line tool to be installed in order to interact with the Kubernetes cluster.

The certificate files created by Minikube will be processed using OpenSSL. Windows users can download a distribution of OpenSSL here. Linux users can install OpenSSL via their distribution's package repositories.

Docker

Building and pushing Docker images requires Docker to be installed. The Docker documentation has instructions on how to install Docker.

Docker Hub

A Docker Registry is required to host the Docker images. This guide makes use of Docker Hub.

The Built-in Octopus feed can not be used to host Docker images. A dedicated Docker Registry is required when deploying Docker images via Octopus.

Clone source code

The source code for the random quotes application is hosted in GitHub. The code can be cloned from https://github.com/OctopusSamples/RandomQuotes-PHP.git with the command:

git clone https://github.com/OctopusSamples/RandomQuotes-PHP.git

Octopus API key

In order to allow Jenkins to communicate with Octopus, we need to generate an API key. This is done in the Octopus web portal. The web portal can be opened from the Browse link in the Octopus Manager:

From the Octopus Deploy web portal, sign in, and view your profile:

Go to the API keys tab. This lists any previous API keys that you have created. Click on New API key:

Give the API key a name so that you remember what the key is for, and click Generate New:

Copy the new API key to your clipboard:

Continuous integration

Jenkins is a free and open source continuous integration server. In this tutorial, we rely on Jenkins to do the following:

  • Clone the code from Git.
  • Resolve and install any dependencies from Composer.
  • Run unit tests.
  • Create the Docker image.
  • Publish it to Docker Hub.

Install the Octopus plugin

Jenkins pushes artifacts to Octopus and creates and deploys releases via the Octopus plugin. To install the plugin click Manage Jenkins:

Click Manage Plugins:

Click the Available tab, enter Octopus in the search box, select the Octopus Deploy plugin, and click Install without restart:

Wait while the plugin is installed, and click Go back to the top page when the installation is complete:

Configure the Octopus plugin

To use the Octopus steps we first need to configure the Octopus server details. Click Manage Jenkins:

Click Configure System:

Define the Server ID as Local, enter the URL and API Key, and click Save:

Configure the Octopus CLI

The Octopus plugin makes use of the Octopus CLI to execute steps. The path to the CLI must be configured. Click Manage Jenkins:

Click Global Tool Configuration:

Configure the Path to the Octopus CLI, and click Save:

Configure the Jenkins Plugins

Jenkins requires additional plugins to those installed by default, in order to build a PHP application. The following steps install the required plugins:

Click Manage Jenkins:

Click Manage Plugins:

Type Docker into the filter, check the box next to the docker-build-step plugin, and click Install without restart:

The plugins are then installed. When complete, click the Go back to the top page link:

Configure Credentials

Building Docker images and deploying them with Octopus requires the Docker registry credentials to be saved in Jenkins.

Click Manage Jenkins:

Click Manage Credentials:

Click the Jenkins link:

Click the Global credentials link:

Click the Add Credentials link:

Leave the default option of Username with password as the Kind, enter the Docker repository username and password, enter DockerCredentials as the ID, and enter The Docker hub Credentials as the Description.

Click OK to save the secret:

Configuring the Docker URL

Interacting with the Docker daemon requires the Docker URL setting to be configured.

Click the Manage Jenkins link:

Click Configure System:

On a Linux system, enter unix:///var/run/docker.sock as the Docker URL. This file is used to communicate with the Docker daemon. On a Windows system this URL will be set to tcp://localhost:2375. Then click Save:

The user that runs Jenkins, typically the jenkins user, needs to be granted access to the /var/run/docker.sock file. This can be done by adding the jenkins user to the docker group with the command:

sudo usermod -aG docker jenkins

On a Windows system, Docker must be configured to open a TCP port by enabling the Expose daemon on tcp://localhost:2375 without TLS option:

Create the Jenkins project

Now we are ready to create a project to build and test the sample application.

Click New Item:

Enter Random Quotes as the project name, select the Freestyle project option, and click OK:

From the Source Code Management section, select the Git option, and enter https://github.com/OctopusSamples/RandomQuotes-PHP.git:

In order to watch for changes to the source code, we need to poll the Git repository. From the Build Triggers section, select the Poll SCM option, and enter H/5 * * * * for the schedule. This instructs Jenkins to poll the Git repository every 5 minutes looking for changes to the code:

Click Add build step and select the Execute shell option:

Enter the following script for the Command:

composer install
./vendor/bin/phpunit --bootstrap ./vendor/autoload.php ./tests/quotetest.php

Click Add build step and select the Execute Docker command option:

Select Create/build image as the Docker command, enter $WORKSPACE as the Build context folder, and enter dockerusername/randomquotesphp:1.0.$BUILD_NUMBER as the Tag. This step will build the Docker image.

Replace dockerusername with your Docker Hub username.

Click Add build step and select the Execute Docker command option:

Select Push as the Docker command, enter randomquotesphp as the Image name, enter 1.0.$BUILD_NUMBER as the Tag, enter dockerusername as the Registry, enter https://index.docker.io/v1/ as the Docker registry URL, and select the Docker Hub credentials that were created earlier for the Registry credentials.

Click Save to save the project:

Replace dockerusername with your Docker Hub username.

Build the project

Our project is now ready to build the sample application.

Click the Build Now link. The first build will commence. Click the #1 link to view the build:

Click the Console Output link to view the build output:

The build logs are streamed to the browser. In a minute or so, the build will complete, and the resulting package will have been uploaded to Octopus. Congratulations! You have completed the first half of the CI/CD pipeline.

Deploying with Octopus Deploy

Now that Jenkins has successfully built the application, we need to configure Octopus to deploy it into our environments.

Create the environments

Environments represent the stages that a deployment must move through as part of the deployment pipeline. We'll create three environments: Dev, Test, and Prod.

Log into Octopus, and click the Infrastructure link, then the Environments link, and click ADD ENVIRONMENT:

Enter Dev as the New environment name, and click SAVE:

Repeat the process for the Test and Prod environments:

Uploading the certificates

We need to upload two certificates to Octopus in order to connect to the Minikube Kubernetes cluster. The certificates are defined in the certificate-authority, client-certificate, and client-key fields in the ~/.kube/config file generated when Minikube was installed. An example of the Kubernetes configuration file is shown below:

apiVersion: v1
clusters:
- cluster:
    certificate-authority: /home/matthew/.minikube/ca.crt
    server: https://172.18.93.203:8443
  name: minikube
contexts:
- context:
    cluster: minikube
    user: minikube
  name: minikube
current-context: minikube
kind: Config
preferences: {}
users:
- name: minikube
user:
  client-certificate: /home/matthew/.minikube/client.crt
  client-key: /home/matthew/.minikube/client.key

The first file to be uploaded is the client certificate. This certificate contains the contents of both the client-certificate and client-key files merged into a PFX file. We use OpenSSL to generate the PFX file with the command:

openssl pkcs12 -passout pass: -export -out /tmp/client.pfx -in ~/.minikube/client.crt -inkey ~/.minikube/client.key

To upload this certificate, click the Library link:

Click the Certificates link:

Click Add Certificate:

Enter Minikube Client Certificate as the Name:

Select the generated PFX file as the Certificate File, and click SAVE:

The second file is the cluster certificate authority. Click the Library link:

Click the Certificates link:

Click Add Certificate:

Enter Minikube CA as the Name:

Select the Kubernetes CA certificate file as the Certificate File, and click SAVE:

Create the Kubernetes target

Kubernetes clusters are represented in Octopus as targets.

To create a target for the Minikube cluster, click the Infrastructure link:

Click the Deployment Targets link:

Click the ADD DEPLOYMENT TARGET link:

Click Kubernetes Cluster, and click ADD for the Kubernetes Cluster Target tile:

Enter Kubernetes as the Display Name:

Select the Dev environment:

Enter k8s as the Target Role:

Select Client Certificate as the Authentication option, and select the Minikube Client Certificate we created earlier:

Enter the URL of the Minikube cluster. This IP address of the cluster can be found by running the command:

minikuke ip

Select the Minikube CA certificate we created earlier as the cluster certificate, enter randomquotes-dev as the Kubernetes namespace, and click SAVE:

Repeat the process to create targets for the Test and Prod environments, updating the target name and namespace accordingly.

Create the Octopus deployment project

With the environments defined and a target created, we now need to create a deployment project in Octopus.

Log into Octopus, click the Projects link, and click ADD PROJECT:

Enter Random Quotes for the project name, and click SAVE:

We start by defining the variables that we will consume as part of the deployment. Click the Variables link, and then select the Project option:

We define a variable called K8S Node Port with unique values bound to each environment. This means that when we deploy the project to each environment, a new port will be used to expose the application in the Kubernetes cluster.

By exposing each environment as a unique port, we can implement multiple environments with a single cluster.

Kubernetes Node Ports are in the range 30000 - 32767 by default.

  • Define a value of 30000 scoped to the Dev environment.
  • Define a value of 30001 scoped to the Test environment.
  • Define a value of 30002 scoped to the Prod environment.

Then click SAVE to save the changes:

We will now define the deployment process. Click the Deployments link, then click the Overview link, and then click DEFINE YOUR DEPLOYMENT PROCESS:

Click ADD STEP:

Enter Kubernetes into the search box:

Click ADD on the Deploy Kubernetes containers tile:

Enter Deploy container to Kubernetes as the Step name:

Enter k8s as the Role:

Enter randomquotes as the Deployment name:

Click ADD CONTAINER:

Enter randomquotes as the Image Name:

Enter the Docker image name created by the CI server as the Package ID.

Replace dockerhubusername with your Docker Hub username.

Click ADD PORT:

Enter web as the Port name and the port exposed by the container as the Port number:

Expand the Environment Variables section and click ADD ENVIRONMENT VARIABLE:

Enter ENVRIONMENT_NAME for the Name and #{Octopus.Environment.Name} for the Value:

Click OK to save the container details:

Enter randomquotes as the Service Name:

Click ADD PORT:

Enter web as the Service port name, the port exposed by the container as the Service port, and #{K8S Node Port} as the Node port. Then click OK.

By using a variable for the node port, we can expose different environments on different ports within the same cluster:

Click Save to save the step:

Deploy!

We now have a deployment project in Octopus ready to deploy our PHP application to our Dev, Test, and Prod environments. The next step is to create and deploy a release.

Click CREATE RELEASE.

The release creation screen provides an opportunity to review the packages that will be included and to add any release notes. By default, the latest package is selected automatically. Click SAVE:

This screen allows you to select the environment that will be deployed into. Lifecycles can be used to customize the progression of deployments through environments (this is demonstrated later in the guide), however, we will accept the default option to deploy to the Dev environment by clicking DEPLOY TO DEV...:

Click DEPLOY to deploy the application into the Dev environment:

The application is then deployed:

Congratulations! You have now built and deployed your first application. Visit http://minikubeip:30000 in a browser (replacing minikubeip with the IP address of your Minikube cluster) to view a random quote. Note the port (30000) matches the value of the #{K8S Node Port} variable that we assigned to the Kubernetes service exposing the web application:

Continuous deployments

The process of deploying a successful build to the Dev environment is currently a manual one; Jenkins pushes the file to Octopus, and we must trigger the initial deployment to the Dev environment from within Octopus. Typically though, deployments to the Dev environment will be performed automatically if a build and all of its tests succeed.

To trigger the initial deployment to the Dev environment after a successful build, we will go back to the project we created in Jenkins and add an additional step to create an Octopus release and then deploy it to the Dev environment.

Add a create and deploy release step

As before, we make use of the Octopus plugin to interact with the Octopus server. In this case, we use the plugin to create and deploy a release in Octopus after the package has been pushed.

Log back into Jenkins and click the Random Quotes project link:

Click the Configure link:

Click Add post-build action, and click the Octopus Deploy: Create Release option.

Set the Project Name to Random Quotes:

Check the Deploy the release after it is created check box, set the Environment to Dev, and check the Show deployment progress checkbox. Then click Save:

Build and deploy the project

Click Build Now. The second build will commence. Click the #2 link to view the second build:

Click the Console Output link to view the build output:

The build logs are streamed to the browser. In a minute or so, the build will complete, and Octopus will perform a deployment using the new package to the Dev environment. You can confirm this by looking for the log message that says Deploy Random Quotes release 0.0.2 to Dev: Success.

We now have a complete CI/CD pipeline! Jenkins will watch for any changes committed to the Git repository, compile the code, run any tests, and then call Octopus to deploy the result.

Additional configuration

Now we will explore some of the more advanced features of Octopus that allow us to customize the deployment progression through environments, secure deployments to production environments, add deployment sign offs, view the audit logs, and add notifications.

Lifecycles

Our project currently uses the default lifecycle, which defines a progression through all the environments in the order they were created.

A custom lifecycle allows the progression of a deployment to be further refined, by defining only a subset of environments that can be deployed to, allowing some environments to be skipped entirely, or requiring that a minimum number of environments are successfully deployed to before moving onto the next environment.

Here we will create a custom lifecycle that makes deployments to the Dev environment optional. This means that initial deployments can be made to the Dev or Test environments, but a successful deployment must be made to the Test environment before it can be progressed to the Prod environment.

Skipping the Dev environment like this may be useful for promoting a release candidate build directly to the Test environment for product owners or testers to review.

Click the Library link, click the Lifecycles link, and click ADD LIFECYCLE:

Set the lifecycle name to Dev, Test, and Prod, and the description to Progression from the Dev to the Prod environments:

Phases are used to group environments that can accept a deployment. Simple lifecycles, such as the lifecycle we are creating, have a one-to-one relationship between phases and environments.

Click ADD PHASE:

Enter Dev as the phase name, and select the Optional phase option. This means that deployments can skip this phase and any environments defined in it, and deploy directly to the next phase.

Because we are mapping each environment to its own phase, the name of the phase matches the name of the environment:

Click ADD ENVIRONMENT:

Click the dropdown arrow, select the Dev environment, and click OK:

Repeat the process to add a new phase for the Test and Prod environments, leaving the default All must complete option selected:

Click SAVE:

Now, we need to switch the deployment project from the Default Lifecycle to the newly created lifecycle.

Click the Projects link, and click the Random Quotes project tile:

Click the Process link, and click CHANGE:

Select the Dev, Test, and Prod lifecycle. Notice the Dev environment is shown as optional.

Click SAVE:

Click CREATE RELEASE, and click SAVE to save the new release:

Because the Dev environment has been configured as optional, the initial release can be made to either the Dev or Test environments. We'll skip the Dev environment and deploy straight to Test.

Click DEPLOY TO..., and select the Test environment:

Click DEPLOY to deploy the application to the Test environment:

The deployment is then performed directly in the Test environment, skipping the Dev environment:

Opening http://minikubeip:30001 displays the copy of the Random Quotes application deployed to the Test environment. Note the port 30001 is the value of the K8S Node Port variable scoped to the Test environment.

Also see the footer text that says running in Test. This is an example of a single Docker image being customized for the environment it is being deployed into:

Approvals

It's a common business requirement to have testers or product owners manually verify that a particular build meets the requirements before a deployment can be considered successful.

Octopus supports this workflow through the use of manual intervention steps. We'll add a manual intervention step to the end of the deployment process, which requires a responsible party to verify the build meets the requirements.

Open the Random Quotes project, click the Process link, and click the ADD STEP button:

Search for the Manual Intervention Required step, and add it to the process:

Enter Deployment Sign Off for the Step Name:

Enter the following for the Instructions:

Open the application and confirm it meets all the requirements.

Because every build is automatically deployed to the Dev environment, it doesn't make sense to force someone to manually approve all those deployments. To accommodate this, we do not enable the manual intervention step for deployments to the Dev environment.

Expand the Environments section under the Conditions heading, select the Skip specific environments option, and select the Dev environment.

Click SAVE to save the step:

When this application is deployed to the Test or Prod environments, a prompt will be displayed requiring manual sign off. Click ASSIGN TO ME to assign the task to yourself:

Add a note in the provided text box, and click PROCEED to complete the deployment:

The deployment will then complete successfully:

Email notifications

Octopus has native support for sending email notifications as part of the deployment process. We will add a step to the deployment process to let people know when a release has been deployed to an environment.

To start, we need to configure an SMTP server to send our emails. For this guide, we'll use the free SMTP server provided by Google.

Click the Configuration link:

Click the SMTP link:

  • Enter smtp.gmail.com as the SMTP Host.
  • Enter 587 as the SMTP Port.
  • Enable the Use SSL/TLS option.
  • Enter your Gmail address as the From Address.
  • Enter your Gmail address and password in the credentials.

You will enable the Less secure apps option on your Google account for Octopus to send emails via the Google SMTP server.

Open the Random Quotes project, click the Process link, and click ADD STEP:

Search for the Send an Email step, and add it to the process:

Enter Random quotes deployment status for the Step Name:

Enter the email address to receive the notification in the To field:

Enter Random quotes deployment status as the Subject:

Enter the following as the Body:

Deployment to #{Octopus.Environment.Name}
#{each step in Octopus.Step}
StepName: #{step}
Status: #{step.Status.Code}
#{/each}

Here we use the #{Octopus.Environment.Name} variable provided by Octopus to add the name of the environment that was deployed to, and then loop over the status codes in the #{Octopus.Step} variable to return the status of each individual step.

The complete list of system variables can be found in the Octopus documentation.

We want to be notified of the status of this deployment regardless of whether the deployment succeeded or failed. Click the Run Conditions section to expand it.

Select the Always run option, which ensures the notification email is sent even when the deployment or the manual intervention fail:

Given every change to the source code will result in a deployment to the Dev environment, we do not want to generate reports for deployments to this environment.

Click the Environments section to expand it. Select the Skip specific environments option, and select the Dev environment to skip it.

This is the last piece of configuration for the step, so click SAVE to save the changes:

Deploy the project to the Test or Prod environments. When the deployment succeeds, the notification email will be sent:

Permissions

One of the strengths of Octopus is that it models environments as first-class entities. This means the security layer can apply rules granting access only to specific environments. We'll take advantage of this ability to model and secure environments to create two users, an internal deployer who can deploy to the Dev and Test environments, and a production deployer who can deploy to the Prod environment.

We start by creating the users. Click the Configuration link:

Click the Users link:

Click ADD USER:

Enter internaldeployer as the Username:

Enter Internal Deployer as the Display Name:

Enter the user's email address. We have used a dummy address of internaldeployer@example.org here:

Enter a password and confirm it. Then click SAVE to create the user:

Repeat the process for a user called productiondeployer. The summary for the productiondeployer user is shown below:

The newly created users are not assigned to any teams and have no permissions to do anything. To grant them permissions, we must first create two teams. The internal deployment team will grant access to deploy to the Dev and Test environments, while the production deployment team will grant access to deploy to the Prod environment.

Click the Configuration link:

Click the Teams link:

Click ADD TEAM:

Enter Internal Deployers for the New team name, and Grants access to perform a deployment to the internal environments for the Team description. Click SAVE to create the team:

We need to add the internaldeployer user to this team. Click ADD MEMBER:

Select the Internal Deployer user from the dropdown list, and click ADD:

The team does not grant any permissions yet. To add permissions click the USER ROLES tab, and click INCLUDE USER ROLE:

Select the Deployment creator role from the dropdown list. As the name suggests, this role allows a user to create a deployment, which results in the deployment process being executed.

Click DEFINE SCOPE:

We only want to allow the internal deployer to deploy to the internal environments. Select the Dev and Test environments, and click APPLY:

The permissions are then applied. We need a second permission to allow the internal deployer to view the projects dashboard. Click INCLUDE USER ROLE again:

Select the Project viewer role. This role does not need to be scoped, so click the APPLY button:

Here are the final set of roles applied to the team:

Repeat the process to create a team called Production Deployers that includes the productiondeployer user, and grants the Deployment creator role scoped to the Prod environment:

When we log in as the internaldeployer user, we see that the Random Quotes project dashboard shows DEPLOY... buttons for the Dev and Test environments. Any deployments in the production environment will be visible, but they cannot be created by this user:

When we log in as the productiondeployer user, we see that the Random Quotes project dashboard shows DEPLOY... buttons only for the Prod environment. Also note that the lifecycle rules still apply, and only successful deployments to the Test environment are available to be promoted to the Prod environment:

Audit Log

Important interactions in Octopus are tracked in the audit log. This is useful for teams that have security or legislative requirements to track the changes and deployments made to their infrastructure.

To view the audit log, click the Configuration link:

Click the Audit link:

A complete list of records are shown, with filtering available to help find specific events:

Conclusion

In this guide we ran through the process of building a complete CI/CD pipeline with:

  • Jenkins building and testing the source code and pushing the package to Octopus.
  • Octopus deploying the package to the Dev, Test, and Prod environments.
  • Email notifications generated when deployments succeed or fail.
  • Manual sign off for deployments to the Test and Prod environments.
  • Users with limited access to create releases in a subset of environments.

This is a solid starting point for any development team, but Octopus offers so much more! Below are more resources you can access to learn about the advanced functionality provided by Octopus:

Need support? We're here to help.